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Description: Previous research has provided evidence that darker-skinned Black individuals are usually associated with more negative stereotypes, and they often receive harsher sentences for committing a crime compared to their lighter-skinned Black and White counterparts. While this prior work suggests the presence of a skin tone bias within the criminal justice system, few experimental studies have accounted for the type of crime committed. In a 2 (skin tone: light-skinned Black, dark-skinned Black, or White skin) x 2 (crime committed: white-collar or blue-collar) design, the present study examined whether the skin tone of the perpetrator and type of crime committed influenced judgements of guilt and beliefs about the perpetrator's character. The results showed that a skin tone bias was present only when the perpetrator committed a blue-collar crime. Furthermore, participants believed that the light-skinned Black perpetrator appeared less dangerous, threatening, and violent, compared to the dark-skinned Black and White perpetrators. This study demonstrates how the effects of an interracial bias may partly depend on the type of crime committed.
Barideaux, K.Jr, Crossby, A., Crosby, D. (2022). Colorism and Criminality: The Effects of Skin Tone and Crime Type on Judgements of Guilt [Electronic Version]. Applied Psychology in Criminal Justice, 16(2), 181-199.
Keywords: skin tone bias, colorism, white-collar crime, blue-collar crime, stereotypes
Date: Feb 07, 2022 | File Size: 519.52 Kb | Downloads: 3643